The following steps will teach you everything you need to know when it comes to growing healthy and delicious figs. Let’s take a look below:
LOCATIONS WHERE FIGS CAN BE GROWN
Zone 8 or higher is the best for figs. This is a limited area in the U.S, even though some indoor varieties are available. Figs require warm weather and lots of sunlight, and cold winters are their enemy.
SITE SELECTION FOR FIG TREES
Rich soils will help your figs grow stronger and faster. So, make sure you have enough soil depth (5+ feet) and drainage for floods. Figs prefer a pH of 6.0-6.05 and have no issues with some salinity. If you are planing to dry figs, soil with a good amount of lime is preferred.
You can raise figs from seed, however, most gardeners do it by cuttings or greenhouse germination. Trees should be 13 feet apart, and trained to grow upright. A little shade during figs are young is recommended until they are fully established. Fertilize at a 10-30-10 ratio.
PROPER CARE OF FIGS
People often cut back fig trees in fall/winter in order to create a later harvest the next year. Some growers will stagger cuttings in their orchards to spread out the harvest. Fig trees grow rapidly and produce fruit fast, but you should taper off in production after 12-15 years.
Fig sap contains latex that can irritate your skin or cause allergic reaction, so you should wear gloves when you harvest them. Figs are hand-picked and laid out in the shade to dry for a day or so. Fig trees can bear up to 360 fruits per year.
FIG PEST CONCERNS
Fig trees are most prone to nematodes that enter the base of the tree and dig down into the roots. In tropical areas people plant figs near walls to prevent this. Leaf rust caused by Cerotelium fici is a worldwide problem. It happens during rainy seasons and causes leaf spots and early leaf fall.